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Prose it is the structure that naturally takes the language to express concepts . This form is not subject to certain measures or cadences, unlike the verse. That is why prosaic language is usually defined by opposition to the verse .

It is known as poetic prose to the work that presents the same elements as a poem (lyrical speaker, lyrical attitude, theme and object), although without its formal elements (such as rhyming and metric).

This type of poems, therefore, is written in prose, but differs from the story or of story by not having the narration of facts as an end, but its objective is to transmit sensations.

The short stories they are the most common examples of poetic prose, since in them the aesthetic intention predominates over the desire to narrate. Antonin Artaud and Julio Cortazar They are some of the authors who have been characterized by the development of poetic prose.

The following three types of prose are distinguished:

* colloquial: it is an unprocessed speech, expressed mainly orally;

* elaborated not literary: This definition covers all forms of prose that, regardless of their degree of complexity, have not been created with literary intentions (as is the case with scientific prose, journalism, essays, oratory, the disclosure and legal);

* elaborated literary: all artistic prose, whether poetic, theatrical or narrative, is included in this classification, since it is created with literary intent.

The prose of the 16th century

The prose of the Renaissance, based on the classic models, presented more innovations than the verse. In a process that began with the didactic prose and that continued with the fiction prose (later known as novel) new ideas they merged with the narration of traditions that would transcend their space and time to eternalize.

Two characteristic elements of the didactic prose are the dialogues (When two or more characters talk to try to persuade the other participants with the rhetoric about various issues) and colloquiums (who possess the ideal tone to transmit teachings in an attractive and grandiloquent way).

The aesthetic level of prose of the sixteenth century is considerable and this is because the didactics of the time demanded a character strictly literary. Some of the outstanding writers of this branch were Santa Teresa de Jesús and the brothers Juan and Alfonso de Valdés.

Inside of fiction prose of this century, we find several types of novels:

* sentimental: derived from the medieval tradition, it is characterized by the interleaving of verses and prose, sometimes with an epistolary format, and with love themes that relate it to song poetry;

* of cavalries: associated with two important French cycles, the Arthurian (of the knights of King Arthur) and the Carolingian (of Charlemagne), it is a genre that bequeathed almost 100 works to humanity;

* Moorish: thanks to "History of Abindarráez and the beautiful Jarifa"a style was disseminated that sought to alleviate the tensions between the Moors and the Christians through the idealization of their relations;

* Byzantine: also known as greek or of adventures, narrates the difficulties of couples who must fight against the opposition of their families to live their love in freedom.

Finally, the importance of "The Lazarillo", which began the modern novel, a kind of story which allows the narration of plausible facts with realistic characters. It is worth mentioning that the interpretation of this work has two very different poles: those who consider a mockery they clearly oppose those who see it as a social complaint.

Colloquial use

At language colloquial, the notion of prose is used to refer to excess words to say unimportant things: "Dr. Ramírez is a prose politician on fire and few ideas", "Enough with prose: please summarize the main points of your project".

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