Athletics is the name that receives the grouping of various sports , which consist of different competencies of releases , jumps and careers . According to their characteristics, these athletic tests can be classified differently.
The track tests are those that develop in a circuit . The track in question usually has an oval shape: two lines join from the inclusion of two curves. The measurements of the tracks, which can be covered or outdoors, vary although the four hundred meter tracks are the most frequent.
Among the track tests, there are various types of careers , which may involve the participation of individual athletes or teams. The proof from 100 meters It is the most famous: competitors cross a straight distance of 100 meters at the highest possible speed, running on level and unimpeded terrain.
There are also other speed races without obstacles within the track tests: 200 meter test and the 400 meter test . In the latter case, it is usual for the competition to involve a full lap of the track.
Among the track tests are also the background tests . In them, athletes must travel more than 3,000 meters; Therefore, the resistance is as much or more important than the speed .
The obstacle courses , meanwhile, are track tests that force runners to jump fences as they go. You can also mention among the track tests the relay races , in which participants compete in teams and must pass a post while running until completing a certain distance.
For athletics lovers, the track tests are very attractive since, far from what they can perceive from these competitions who lack technical knowledge, are samples of a special combination of extraordinary physical characteristics, impeccable coordination and tireless training . This last point is fundamental, since it is not an activity as simple as running, but it raises very specific objectives that only the best prepared people can achieve.
As in any other sports discipline, warming is essential , as it may be the key to success and, much more important, to preserve the integrity and health of muscles and bones. So complex is a track test that only for the exit is necessary to have a particular technique and with a lot of training: the posture during the wait and the first step, which includes the movements of the whole body to propel forward, are determinants of the rest of the race.
The right athletes for these types of activities are usually very strong, tall (it is worth mentioning that there are also short runners) and with a remarkable ability to concentration . In addition, they should be able to react and make decisions almost immediately, since this may depend on avoiding a strong injury or an error that costs them the job.
Certain differences are taken into account between women and men, such as height, although there are always exceptions: regulation it assumes that women are not as tall as men and this is reflected, for example, in the dimensions of the fences, in the case of obstacle courses.
In turn, it is important to note that the characteristics of the athletes specialized in each type of track test are different and clearly respond to the demands of their discipline. The fence athletes, for example, usually have a special flexibility , since they need to jump at high speed and without rising too high.