A dictatorship is a government that dispenses with the legal system and current legislation to exercise, without any opposition, the authority of a country . The term is extended to the country with this form of government and while this type of mandate lasts.
The dictatorship usually concentrates its power around the figure of a single individual, who receives the name of the dictator . Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini They are two examples of dictators.
When accessing the power , either by democratic means or through a coup , the dictator usually forms a facto government where there is no division of powers and the opposition is prevented from reaching the government by institutional means (elections are suspended and political parties are banned, for example).
The notion of dictatorship goes back to Roman times, when you could grant supreme authority to a person (the dictator) in times of crisis, usually linked to wars.
Over time, dictatorships became predominantly military dictatorships , where the dictator is supported by the military force that is responsible for repression of dissidents and impose terror to avoid dissent. You can also talk about constitutional dictatorships when, under the apparent respect of the Constitution , a dictator violates legislation to exercise power.
Finally, beyond the political and social organization, it is known as dictatorship to every dominant force that exerts a predominance . For example: "The dictatorship of aesthetics is imposed on the lives of teenagers".
Dictatorship, a type of totalitarianism
It is known as totalitarianism an ideology in which there is no individuality of the beings that make up society; that is, it suppresses free will and people exist as long as they are part of society and collaborate for the normal performance of its life.
In each totalitarianism the hegemonic ideas they vary according to the ideology that supports it, which are always extremists. With regard to dictatorships, they are also guided and focused from an ideology. The dictatorship of the proletariat, for example, was based on Marxist ideas and was a creed that persecuted those who clung to other political ideas but was tolerant of the proletariat and the peasantry. Its difference with the rest of the existing dictatorships so far, was that in this case hegemony was in accordance with the ideas of the most disadvantaged classes, while the previous ones represented the ideas of the upper class or the nobility.
Regarding dictatorships with fascist orientation, the interests that support it are what define an ethnic group or culture. People who are part of society do not exist as individual beings unless they feel identified by the cause and work around the “will” of the ethnicity.
Unlike other dictatorships, the doctrinal thinking Fascist recognizes himself as the only valid and assumes his role as a totalitarian idealist, imposing himself on the prevailing cultural diversity. And it does so by imposing an authoritarian figure to which the villagers must worship and subordinate themselves.
It is worth mentioning that one of the resources used by dictatorships to impose itself is violence and authority abuses. Citizens end up obeying and considering the leader as someone ideal for fear of being humiliated or even killed; in this way the hegemony of radical ideas is maintained, through fear and extortion.
One of the objectives of every society is to prevent these situations from taking place again in them because the arrival of a dictatorship to power does not only lead to suppression of individual freedoms It also leads to thousands of deaths and disappearances.