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The etymology of the term legend takes us to the word legend, which belongs to Latin. Legenda can be translated as what "Must be read" : that is why, originally, a legend was a narration which was reflected in a written text so that it could be read publicly, usually within a church or from another religious building.

Legends are not characterized by narrating real events with rigor and accuracy , but its purpose was to underline a spiritual component or an intention associated with the moral and good customs.

The story progressed and the idea of ​​legend began to be linked to a narrative, whether written or oral, that is displayed as true (when supported by the real) but that includes certain components of imagination and fiction . The legends are transmitted from generation to generation, which allows them to be modified according to the social context and the time.

A legend, in this way, allows to explain and support a certain culture . It is always linked to a character, a geographical space or a precise object, and shows how this specific element is integrated into the history or daily life of the community.

Taking into account all of the above, it is necessary to make clear that there is no single type of legend but several categories of it that are characterized or basically defined by the theme around which they revolve. In this way, we could underline that there are legends of historical, mythical, religious character, the eschatological ones that refer to the world of the dead or the etiological calls that are the ones that explain various phenomena related to nature.

Thus, for example, with respect to the first mentioned, it is worth emphasizing that which revolves around the figure of El Cid and determines that he won a battle after death. Oral tradition has carried to this day the story that the El Cid troops had to carry out a military confrontation after it died. One news is that of the death of the knight, which aroused the joy of the rivals who were completely sure of his victory.

However, his army decided to play his cards and placed the body of El Cid on his horse. Hence, when the battle took place and the soldiers on the opposite side saw the one who was present in the contest they thought that still dead he was still fighting for what they fled in terror. That is why it is said that he won an already deceased battle.

One of the most famous legends worldwide is the story of Robin Hood , belonging to English folklore. According to the legend, Robin Hood he lived in the forests of Sherwood at the time of Juan Without Earth , dedicating himself to steal from the richest to divide the spoils among the poorest farmers. Historians found several subjects with similar names, but they could never prove the historical existence of Robin Hood .

In addition to all of the above, we also have to make clear that the concept of legend is also frequently used to refer to the texts that accompany tables, maps or schematics where part of the meaning of them is explained.

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