From Latin orthographia, the orthography Is the set of rules that regulate the writing . It is part of the normative grammar since it establishes the rules for the correct use of letters and punctuation marks.
Spelling is born from a convention accepted by a linguistic community to preserve the unity of written language . The institution responsible for regulating these standards is often referred to as Language Academy .
Spelling rules, in general, do not have a direct relationship with the understanding of the text in question. For example: if a person who speaks the Spanish language reads a sentence that states “Close the expectation of bida worldwide”, will not have problems to understand the statement. His correct writing, however, is “Life expectancy grows worldwide” and it surely conveys the message more cleanly and directly, since it prevents the reader from the correction process.
Spelling, in short, helps the standardization of a language, something that is very important when there are several dialects In the same territory. It is worth mentioning that the rules of spelling are taught during the first years of primary education.
In some languages, spelling bases its norms on phonemes (mental abstractions of speech sounds), as is the case with Spanish. Other languages choose etymological criteria (that is, they refer to the origin of the words), a situation that promotes the divergence between the writing and the pronunciation of the words.
Many world-renowned writers have requested the abolition or, at least, the simplification of spelling rules. One of them was the Colombian Nobel Prize, Gabriel Garcia Marquez . This, however, raises a number of questions and potential problems, which no one has been able to solve one hundred percent.
Our language has the characteristic of being spoken in many countries, located in more than one continent, and this directly affects the variety of accents and regionalisms. This can be considered as a positive and enriching aspect, or as a source of confusion that constantly and inevitably undermines its principles, tearing up its structure year after year and stripping it of its beauty, in pursuit of the incorrect adoption of poorly pronounced foreign terms and misunderstood.
First, we can talk about the lyrics s and z; in some cities, its pronunciation It is different, which makes it easier to remember when each one is used (the most common examples are the words "house" and "hunting"). However, the percentage of populations that do not distinguish them phonetically is much higher, whether they pronounce both as a s or as a z. In close relationship with them is the c, which can be read as a k or as a z, in the combinations AC, co and cu or EC and cirespectively.
We live in an era in which it is no longer necessary to write by hand, and this distances us considerably from language; As if that were not enough, all the devices we use to process text They are prepared to assist us, either by correcting our mistakes, or by preventing us from committing them, thanks to their function known as "autocomplete." You cannot justify the decline that spelling is suffering with technological advances, just as you can not blame the crime of youth crime.
In both cases, the problem lies in the education, which is the basis on which living beings rely on us to make decisions. If they do not teach us in time the importance of correct spelling, the great difference between a rich and well written text and an almost random succession of pseudo terms Without punctuation, then technology will represent our only chance of keeping alive a legacy that has accompanied us for centuries.