Town hall It is a term that comes from Latin capitulum And that has several uses. It can be about town hall wave municipality , of the board that celebrates this institution and of the building where the meeting takes place. For example: “The Cabildo de San Javier has announced that the carnivals will start next Monday at the Plaza de Armas”, "The mayor called an open council to discuss the design of the budget", "Two survivors entered the town hall and assaulted the visitors", “Tomorrow we go on a trip to the town hall”.
This use of the concept was very frequent in the colonial era, when American countries were governed by Spain and the town hall was the institution and the building that housed the municipal authorities sent by the empire . He Cabildo located in the city of Buenos Aires , to name one case, it was the seat of the colonial administration of Spain in the capital of Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata . The construction is currently the scene of a historical museum.
It was known as town meeting to the extraordinary meeting of American citizens during the time of the colony. These assemblies were very important in the process of independence and in the establishment of autonomous authorities. During these periods, these organizations formed by the people had the ability to dismiss the authorities of the colonies and propose new governments.
According to this idea, currently popular meetings receive the same name where a specific change is requested in any of the policies made by the current government. In these issues that deal with public health and general order are usually discussed of the society in question.
Against what is believed, however, the open town hall it was not an equal body . It was made up of people from high society, from European cribs, therefore both Creoles Low class, indigenous, slaves or women were out of this group. On the other hand, the meetings were held in private enclosures or some church and those who participated in them were people appointed by the council and who belonged to the local aristocracy.
Other meanings of the term
Cabildo, on the other hand, is the community or body of chapter ecclesiastics of a catholic church . It is possible to distinguish between cathedral council (the college of clergy that provides assistance to the bishop), college council (in places where it does not exist Cathedral ) and metropolitan council (the executive body that is responsible for the government of the major churches).
In some districts this concept is still used to name the government of the same. The Cabildo de Gran Canaria, for example, is the governing body that runs this Canary Island. The flag Representative of this Cabildo is that of the island represented in the colors blue and yellow with two rectangles placed diagonally and in the center the coat of arms is inscribed.
There are many streets and places that bear the name of Cabildo, one of them is Avenida Cabildo, one of the most important in the city of Buenos Aires. It is the continuation of Santa Fe Avenue and it is about a double lane avenue and double vehicular traffic . It is known for being a shopping and entertainment center as it has countless shops, shopping centers, restaurants and places for leisure.
Finally we can mention the Argentine magazine named with this term. It is considered one of the means of most important Catholic communication in the country . It began to be published in the 70s and although during the 90s it stopped being published, it has already been distributed again. It is mostly known for its retrograde and conservative ideas, where homophobic and anti-Semitic comments abound.