The notion of phenomenon It has its origin in the Latin term phaenomenon, which in turn derives from a Greek concept. The word refers to something that manifests in the conscious dimension of a person as a result of his perception .
Some examples of phrases where the term appears: "The meteorological phenomenon surprised the inhabitants of Santo Tomé", "I have never seen such a phenomenon: the river grew to cover the bridge", "Experts still try to explain the phenomenon".
They can be called the phenomenon, those human beings or animals that present in their appearance monstrous features . Around this type of phenomena, hundreds of myths and stories have been created that are represented in various ways, for example, in the fairs and circuses of the United States a habitual presence the phenomenon of the bearded woman.
In the context of the philosophy , Immanuel Kant He defined phenomena as everything that is the subject of an experience that can be described as sensitive. What is not noticeable, however, is a noumenon because for its understanding logic and intellect are required and not of the senses.
Natural and paranormal phenomena
They are called natural phenomena to the ways in which nature shows its quality of living and moving entity. Tides, rains, earthquakes, earthquakes and volcanoes are some of them.
Among the natural phenomena are dangerous natural phenomena, also known as natural disasters , which are so violent that they can cause terrible consequences not only in the life of our species, but of many others. Among the most recent natural disasters are the United States floods after the sharp rise of the Mississippi or the tsunami occurred in Japan in March 2011; In both cases the consequences were thousands of deaths, loss of homes for many families, disappearance of communities of living beings, among other complications.
There are several types of natural disasters, which are considered most dangerous for life are: natural hydrological phenomena (tsunamis and earthquakes characterized by frenetic and high waves), meteorological disasters (snowfall, drought, typhoons and sudden temperature changes), natural geophysical phenomena (earthquakes, avalanches and eruptions with irremediable consequences) and biological phenomena (appearance of mollusks that carry toxins from one place to another, altering the balance of the environment)
The paranormal phenomena they are facts or situations that cannot be explained according to scientific or rational principles. These are phenomena, therefore, that escape normality and generate all kinds of hypothesis without contrast.
Within the paranormal phenomena is the telepathy that occurs when a person can communicate with another through the mind or read their thoughts, the psychokinesis which is the ability that some people have to move objects without having to touch them, acts of fortune telling and of communication with spirits or other phenomena that fall into the "postmortem" category. Also included within this definition are disciplines that do not fall within the sciences (pseudosciences), such as astrology , the witchcraft , he esotericism and the Magic , as well as disciplines that work with alternative medicines .
The element that makes a paranormal phenomenon inexplicable is the fear , which feeds the phenomenon and makes it something magnanimous and in many cases harmful. Because of it, people discard all those knowledge that could help them understand what is happening to plunge into a sense of uncertainty and terror that leads them to perform the least expected and most despicable acts.
It should be noted that many phenomena that were considered paranormal in ancient times, with scientific advances were ruled out as such and their causes could be found and solutions sought, as was the case for example with people who suffered epilepsy . Several centuries ago, epileptics were considered demonized people, thanks to the advances in medicine, the causes of this disease could be known and solutions sought.
Finally, and returning to the definition of the term phenomenon, it is worth mentioning that it can refer to an individual who excels in a certain area for its capabilities, for example: "The phenomenon of Rihanna promises to extend for many years", "Diego Maradona is a phenomenon".