Before entering fully into the meaning of the term caving it is necessary to proceed to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word that derives from Greek because it is the result of the sum of two lexical components of that language:
-The noun "spélaion", which can be translated as "cavern".
-The name "logos", which is synonymous with "study."
It's about the scientific discipline dedicated to the analysis of the characteristics of these cavities and of the living beings that inhabit them.
The caving expert is known as speleologist . That linked to caving, on the other hand, is described as caving .
The French Édouard-Alfred Martel (1859-1938) is considered as the creator of the modern version of caving. This lawyer who loves natural Sciences he promoted the first expeditions with scientific pretention and founded, in 1895, the French Caving Society .
He underworld It is the object of study of caving, which investigates the topography and morphology of caverns to determine how they arose. The cavers also analyze the flora and fauna of these cavities and the traces of the prehistoric human beings that inhabited there. That's why this is science It is linked to anthropology, zoology, geography, geology and other specialties.
According to the places where it is carried out, caving is classified in different ways. The volcanic caving takes place in volcanic caves that are formed by the action of the wash that eject volcanoes. The karst caving , on the other hand, it develops in caves created by water currents that erode the rock.
Another modality of caving is called caulking . In this case, the exploration takes place in underwater caves. This specialty is very complex due to the conditions of the places of job .
In addition to the different types of caving indicated, we cannot ignore the existence of another. We are referring to sports caving, which leads those who practice it to carry out not only hiking but also climbing, descending or diving. And it is a very complete and also complicated sports activity that requires having a good state of shape as well as dexterity and knowledge of the caves in which these activities are going to take place.
So complicated is this kind of caving that is required, in addition, that the people who carry it out comply with a series of requirements and advice:
-Go always in a group and not separate from that because it is the way to ensure the safety of oneself.
-Requires to have the appropriate clothing and material. Regarding the latter, we are referring to a backpack with water, with non-perishable food, with a flashlight and with a compass, among other things.
-You always have to study well the cave in which this caving is going to be practiced.