It is called muralism to creation of wall paintings : that is, of works that are carried out along a wall or wall. The term refers to this type of art ; to the knowledge and skills needed to develop it; and the movement that arose around him.
At the beginning of twentieth century , muralism began to grow strongly in Mexico . Behind the Mexican Revolution , several artists turned to mural painting as a mechanism of political action, seeking to spread certain ideals. From the State In fact, he supported the muralists, providing them with resources for their work.
Diego Rivera , David Alfaro Siqueiros and José Clemente Orozco They are considered the main exponents of Mexican muralism. Among the most important features of muralism forged in Mexico the revaluation of the culture indigenous, social commitment and confidence in the relevance of the public facet of artistic manifestations.
He Palace of Fine Arts , the Supreme Court of Justice and the National Palace They are some of the Mexican buildings where you can see works of muralism The muralists of that nation, however, also worked abroad.
It should be noted that, beyond the impulse given by Rivera , Siqueiros and company to this kind of paintings, the roots of muralism in the Americas are remote. The pre-Hispanic people made murals in Teotihuacan , Cacaxtla and Bonampak , by example , as could be known thanks to the ruins that remained standing until today. Some of these murals date from the first centuries of our era.