The first thing we are going to do, before going into depth in establishing the meaning of the word mural, is to make its etymological origin clear. In this sense, we have to say that it derives from Latin, since it is the result of the sum of two components of that language:
• The noun "murus", which can be translated as "outer wall".
• The suffix “-al,” used to indicate “relative to”.
Mural is a adjective which is used to refer to what is linked to a Wall . The term can also be used as noun to name the painting It develops on a wall.
For example: “Communist militants painted a mural of Che Guevara in the corner of my house”, “Siqueiros murals are my favorites”, “What struck me most about the church is its mural with religious allegories”, "We need to hire an expert in wall repairs to shore up the structure".
Along the history , the human being has always chosen the walls to develop artistic manifestations. The rock painting In fact, it developed on the walls of the caverns.
Deer, bison or horses are some of the animals that were usually represented in those mural or cave paintings that are found in spaces of great artistic and historical value, as would be the case of the Spanish Altamira Caves.
The rise of mural art took place in the Renaissance , with great exponents like Raphael . Among the most famous murals are those he painted in the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican .
There are several ways to create artistic murals . Many artists chose to paint on the walls, as is the case with Mexican muralists David Alfaro Siqueiros and Diego Rivera . The murals, however, can also be developed by adding pieces of ceramics or other materials to the wall (just as Antoni Gaudí used to do).
At present, one of the most frequent modalities of mural art is the graffiti . This technique consists of painting urban walls with aerosol, which often constitutes a crime (when painting on public walls or on walls that belong to a private property without requesting authorization from its owner).
We cannot ignore the existence of what is known as a wall circle either. This is a term that is used in the field of astronomy to refer to a large circle, as far as diameter is concerned, which has the peculiarity that it is graduated and that it has an eye in the center.
In the same way, there is the term mural crown. This is a circle of flowers or metal that was once granted to those soldiers who showed great courage and courage. Specifically, they were given to those who became the first to jump the wall of the fortresses they attacked in order to be able to fight hard against the enemies.
However, within the scope of heraldry, a mural crown is also used to refer to the one that is drawn and placed on top of the shields of various cities and towns, that is, the one that tops them.