Mutant is that subject to a mutation . Mutate , meanwhile, is to change, modify or alter something . The most common use of the concept of mutant is associated with organisms that mutate due to a change in structure or composition .
A mutant, therefore, is a being who underwent a modification in his genes or that descends from an organism that has undergone these changes. Mutants, due to genetic alteration, exhibit different characteristics from those shown by the other individuals of their species.
The mutation is usually considered as something negative, since it can be caused by a disease or by the contamination , to cite two possibilities. However, there are mutations of other classes that are necessary for the adaptation and species survival.
Certain cases of mutant individuals are more common than might be assumed. He albinism In fact, it is a common example of a mutation that causes the lack of melanin in the skin, hair and eyes of those affected.
In science fiction and fantastic literature, the mutant condition appears in a much more spectacular and oversized way. Thus, in the field of fiction , mutants can have Superpowers which they use, as the case may be, to do good or to cause chaos. Wolverine , also know as Cheetah and Wolverine (in Latin America and Spain, respectively), it is an example of a mutant in the fictional universe. For example: "Yesterday I saw a movie in which a group of mutants frightened people", “In the last book of the French author, the salvation of world is in the hands of a mutant that can fly ”.
Stan Lee and Jack Kirby are the creators of a group of mutant superheroes belonging to the Marvel Universe known as X Men, Men X or Patrol X, according to the region. This series, which has been published in comics, cartoon series and movies, in addition to having appeared in video games, saw the light of day in September 1963 and its fame has transcended the boundaries of time and space, reaching to conquer to several generations.
X-Men series mutants have supernatural powers, ranging from telekinesis to the ability to fly, through the manipulation of temperature, climate and polarity. These characteristics, according to the story, arose as a result of their exposure to the radiation that resulted from the experiments carried out during World War II, which greatly altered their structure genetics.
Broadly speaking, there are two groups of prominent mutants: the followers of Charles Xavier (also know as Professor X) and those of Magneto, two powerful individuals who started being friends but ended up choosing opposite paths. The first never loses hope of reaching the union of humans and mutants, getting both sides lose the fear towards the other and merge to live in an environment of respect and fraternity; Magneto, meanwhile, is ruled by his resentment towards humans and fights them tirelessly.
Behind the colorful and showy costumes, the striking names and powers of each of the many and varied mutants that make up this impressive universe, the series conveys a message that can help us build a better world, regardless of the existence of such supernatural individuals. Charles Xavier struggles to end hatred, with contempt for different beings, with fear that arises from the unknown, and all this can be applied to solve problems as deep and painful as racism, specism and homophobia, among others stigmas of the human race.