The concept of phenomenology It has several uses in the field of philosophy . The first meaning that mentions the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) in his dictionary refers to the phenomenon theory .
A phenomenon , in this framework, is what a subject perceive and that therefore appears in his awareness . Phenomenology is understood as the establishment of relationships between various empirical observations that allow knowledge to be generated in tune with a theory.
Phenomenology, in this case, is halfway between the theories and the experiments . It does not derive from theories directly but is consistent with them, and in turn presents a higher level of abstraction than experiments.
It is known as phenomenology, on the other hand, to a method that the German devised Edmund Husserl to access the essence of entities through their description . For Husserl , by describing what is available through intuition, it is possible to capture its essence, which goes beyond one's own consciousness.
The phenomenology of Husserl , known as transcendental phenomenology , seeks to expose how reality is presented in the subjectivity of people. For this, it aims to discover and detail what its essential structures are.
The notion of phenomenology also appears in the work from another German philosopher: Friedrich Hegel . According to Hegel Phenomenology is the spiritual dialectic that makes it possible to achieve absolute knowledge based on sensitive knowledge.
This phenomenology assumes that, knowing the phenomena in fullness, you can build a awareness Of the absolute truth. In fact, Hegel presented the basics of absolute idealism in a work entitled "Phenomenology of the spirit" .